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Top wild life Destination ajanta caves created By Guruprasad Rane
Maharashtra Last modified By Guruprasad Rane

Description
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Ajanta Caves are in a wooded and rugged horseshoe-shaped ravine about 3 km from the village of Ajintha. It is situated in the Aurangabad district of Maharashtra State in India (106 kilometers away from the city of Aurangabad). The nearest towns are Jalgaon (60 kilometers away) and Bhusawal (70 kilometers away). Along the bottom of the ravine runs the river Waghur a mountain stream. There are 29 caves (officially numbered by the Archaeological Survey of India), excavated in the south side of the precipitous scarp made by the cutting of the ravine, and they vary from 35 to 110 ft. in elevation above the bed of the torrent.
The period during which Ajanta Caves were excavated stretches over eighty-nine hundred years from the third-second century B. C. to fifth-sixth century A. D. As regards excavation work, these Caves reveal two distinct phases, the early and the late. Six of the Caves, namely, Caves numbering 9, 10, 8, 12, 13, and 15-A, belong to the early period. Caves 9 and 10, with elements of early Shunga art, appear to have been excavated during the second half of the third or the first half of the second century B. C., while the other four, during the first century B. C. Cave 10 is, however, the earliest. It precedes even the Cave 9 by at least fifty years.
 
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